State Laws

Currently only 19 states in the US have laws that specifically make it illegal to leave a child unattended in a vehicle. Is your state one of them?

Learn more about your state’s regulations:

  • California: V C Section 15620 Prohibition Against Unattended Child in Vehicle Read the law
  • Connecticut: Sec 53-21a Leaving child unsupervised in place of public accommodation or vehicle Read the law
  • Florida: FSS 316.6135 Leaving children unattended or unsupervised in motor vehicle Read the law
  • Hawaii: 291C-121.5 Leaving a child unattended in a motor vehicle Read the law
  • Illinois: Sec. 12 21.6. Endangering the life or health of a child Read the law
  • Kentucky: 507.040 Manslaughter in the Second Degree Read the law
  • Louisiana: RS 32:295.3 Leaving children unattended and unsupervised in motor vehicles Read the law
  • Maryland: 5-801 Unattended Children Read the law
  • Michigan: 750.135a.added Leaving child unattended in vehicle Read the law
  • Missouri: Sec 568.052 Leaving a child unattended in a motor vehicle who causes an accident Read the law
  • Nebraska: Revised 28-710 Child Protection Act Read the law
  • Nevada: 202.575 Leaving child unattended in motor vehicle Read the law
  • Oklahoma: Unattended Children in Motor Vehicle Safety Act Read the law
  • Pennsylvania: 3701.1. Leaving an unattended child in a motor vehicle Read the law
  • Rhode Island: § 31-22-22.1. Child passenger protection – Warnings of hazard and risk. Read the law
  • Tennessee: 55-10-803. Offense of leaving child unattended in motor vehicle Read the law
  • Texas: Sec. 22.10. Leaving a child in a vehicle Read the law
  • Utah: 76-10-2202 Leaving a child unattended in a motor vehicle Read the law
  • Washington: RCW 46.61.685 Leaving children unattended in standing vehicle with motor running Read the law

 

Good Samaritan State Laws Specific to Rescuing Children in Cars:

State Laws Requiring Daycare Van or School Bus Alarms

Daycare Van Alarm State Laws 10 20 17

 

State child restraint laws

State laws regulating car seat, booster seat and seat belt use should be considered a bare minimum for safety, especially when it comes to child restraint. KidsAndCars.org recommends that parents follow recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

The AAP recommends:

  • Infants and toddlers should ride in a rear-facing car safety seat as long as possible, until they reach the highest weight or height allowed by their seat. Most convertible seats have limits that will allow children to ride rear-facing for 2 years or more.
  • Once they are facing forward, children should use a forward-facing car safety seat with a harness for as long as possible, until they reach the height and weight limits for their seats. Many seats can accommodate children up to 65 pounds or more.
  • When children exceed these limits, they should use a belt-positioning booster seat until the vehicle’s lap and shoulder seat belt fits properly. This is often when they have reached at least 4 feet 9 inches in height and are 8 to 12 years old.
  • When children are old enough and large enough to use the vehicle seat belt alone, they should always use lap and shoulder seat belts for optimal protection.
  • All children younger than 13 years should be restrained in the rear seats of vehicles for optimal protection.State Laws – http://www.iihs.org/iihs/topics/laws/safetybeltuse?topicName=child-safety